Instruction for Authors

Author Guidelines

Submission of a manuscript implies that the work described has not been published elsewhere (except for conference abstracts). Furthermore, the work is not under consideration for publication anywhere else and its publication has been approved by all co-authors, if any, as well as by the responsible authoritiestacitly orexplicitlyat the institute where the work has been carried out. 

Before you decide to publish with JADC, please read the following items carefully and make sure that you are well aware of Open Access Policies and Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Types of Articles

JADC does not require special formatting during the initial submission. Authors may follow any scholarly format or layout. This also includes references, as long as the citation style is consistent throughout the entire manuscript. However, authors are required to follow the specific guidelines based on the article type outlined below: 

JADC welcomes novel, timely, substantial contributions in the following types: 

Article

Article submissions must be directly relevant to energy and environment. 
The structure of original articles should be as follows: 
Abstract (up to 250 words): can be structured, according to the following parts: Background and Purpose, Experimental Approach, Key Results, Conclusion and Implications. Minimize abbreviations and do not include any references. 
Manuscript structure and order of sections: Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion and Conclusion. 
Word count: The suggested minimum word count is 2500 words, not including references, affiliations, tables and figures. 

Review

Review submissions should (1) summarize recent research results on emerging topics in a well-organized way; (2) integrate in-depth understanding of the recent advances in the area; and (3) provide insightful overview of research trends for future topics; (4) provide a comprehensive analysis of the existing literature in a research area to identify current gaps or issues; (5) be critical and constructive and provide suggestions for future research. 
Reviews should not present new, unpublished data. The structure may include Abstract, Keywords, Introduction, Discussion, Conclusion and Prospective, with a recommended minimum word count of 4000 words.

Communication

Communication should comprise of novel findings, which may also be based on secondary analyses and/or preliminary data but provide a high impact for the field. The following restrictions apply to Communication:
Abstract structure (up to 200 words): can be structured, according to the following parts: Background and Purpose, Experimental Approach, Key Results, Conclusion and Implications. Minimize abbreviations and do not include any references.
Manuscript word count: 2000 words excluding abstract, references, affiliations, tables and figures.
Tables/figures: 2 tables and/or figures.
References: up to 20.

Commentary

Commentaries are short, narrowly focused articles that are usually commissioned by the journal. These articles are generally not peer-reviewed. A Commentary generally takes one of two forms:

The first form aims to highlight one or more exciting research articles or clinical trials, to discuss specific issues within a subject area rather than the whole field, and to explain the clinical implications of the article to place the new findings into context. Opinions are welcome as long as they are factually based.

The second form is more editorial in nature and covers an aspect of an issue that is relevant to the journal's scope. Examples of this type of Commentary could be a discussion of the impact of new technology on research and treatment, or a discussion of changes in peer review or grant application procedures and their effect on research. By their nature, the second form of Commentary is less frequent. Commentaries are usually commissioned from recognized experts in a particular field, and authors are asked to provide a balanced overview of the field, to cover only work that has been published (or is still in press at the time of writing), and not to discuss and cite primarily their own work or that of their close colleagues.

Commentaries should be a maximum of 1000 words and have a maximum of ten references. Typically, Commentaries do not contain abstract, figures or tables.

Letter to the Editor

A Letter to the Editor (LTE) is a brief communication to a journal’s editor or editorial team. LTE enables prospective writers to directly interact with a manuscript’s authors and the journal’s readership and editorial team. LTE should only be undertaken where there is genuine purpose and merit to readers and to scientific knowledge. It is usually written in response to a recent publication within the journal, but can also be on an unrelated topic of interest to the journal’s readership. JADC accepts Letter to the Editor are where they are a comment on a paper published in the journal or relate to current issues pertinent to the field of pharmacology. Word limit: 800 words, excluding references. Typically, LTE does not contain abstract, figures or tables.

The manuscript should be in the following order:

Cover Letter
Title
Authors and Affiliations
Abstract
Graphical Abstract
Keywords
Main Text
Figures and Tables
Supplementary Materials
Author Contributions
Funding
Data Availability and Statistical Reporting
Acknowledgements (if any)
Conflict of Interest Disclosure
References

1. Cover Letter

A cover letter should be included with each manuscript submission. It should be concise and explain why the content of the paper is significant, placing the findings in the context of existing work. It should explain why the manuscript fits the scope of the journal.

All cover letters are required to include the statements:

  • We confirm that neither the manuscript nor any parts of its content are currently under consideration or published in another journal.
  • All authors have approved the manuscript and agree with its submission to JADC.

2. Front Matter

2.1. Title

The title of the manuscript should be concise, specific, and relevant, and clearly demonstrate innovation, breakthrough, and academic quality. When including gene or protein names, the abbreviated name should be used rather than the full name. 

2.2. Authors and Affiliations

Authors' full names should be listed. The initials of middle names can be provided. Institutional addresses and email addresses for all authors should be listed. At least one author should be designated as corresponding author. In addition, corresponding authors are suggested to provide their Open Researcher and Contributor ID upon submission. Please note that any change to authorship is not allowed after manuscript acceptance. 

2.3. Abstract

Abstracts are required for all types of manuscripts (except for Editorial, Opinions, Commentaries, and Letters) and should consist of no more than 250 words. Abstracts should reflect academic achievements, scientific discoveries and scientific laws, and be developed by solving scientific problems, not by experimental methods.  

2.4. Graphical Abstract

A graphical abstract (GA) is an image that appears alongside the text abstract in the Table of Contents. In addition to summarizing the content, it should represent the topic of the article in an attention-grabbing way. Moreover, it should not be exactly the same as the Figure in the paper or just a simple superposition of several subfigures. Note that the GA must be original and unpublished artwork. Any postage stamps, currency from any country, or trademarked items should not be included in it. 

The GA should be a high-quality illustration or diagram in any of the following formats: PNG, JPEG, or TIFF. Written text in a GA should be clear and easy to read, using one of the following fonts: Times, Arial, Courier, Helvetica, Ubuntu or Calibri. 

The minimum required size for the GA is 198 × 280 pixels (height × width). The size should be of high quality in order to reproduce well. 

2.5. Keywords

Two to six keywords should be provided, which are specific to the article, yet reasonably common within the subject discipline.

3. Main Text

Manuscripts should be structured according to the Type of Article (JADC above). 

3.1. Figures and Tables

Figures and tables should appear in the body of the paper near the place where they are mentioned. High-resolution images should also be uploaded separately as figure files. The figures and tables should be cited in numeric order in the text.

All image files for figures should be labeled with the figure number (label each part if figures include multiple parts, e.g., 2A, 2B). The figure legend should be placed below each figure and should include descriptions of each figure part and identify the meaning of any symbols or arrows. Terms used for labels and in the legend must be consistent with those in the text.

Color will be used in the Journal where needed (e.g., histology slides or surgical photographs). All other figures, such as bar graphs and charts, should be submitted in black and white.

Figures for papers accepted for publication must meet the image resolution requirements. Files for line-based drawings (no grayscale) should ideally be submitted in the format they were originally created; if submitting scanned versions, files should be 1200 dots per inch (dpi). Color photos should be submitted at 600 dpi and black-and-white photos at 300 dpi.

Charts and graphs can be submitted in the original form created (e.g., Word, Excel, or PowerPoint). Photographs or scanned drawings embedded in Word or PowerPoint are not acceptable for publication. 

All photographs of patients that disclose their identity must be accompanied by a signed photographic release granting permission for their likeness to be reproduced in the article. If this is not provided, the patient’s eyes must be occluded to prevent recognition. 

For tables, the system accepts most common word processing formats. Tables should have a title that describes the content and purpose of the table. Tables should enhance, not duplicate, information in the text.

If you include figures that have already been published elsewhere, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner(s).

4. Back Matter

4.1. Supplementary Materials

Additional data and information can be uploaded as Supplementary Materials to accompany the manuscripts. The supplementary materials will also be available to the referees as part of the peer-review process. Any file format is acceptable, such as data sheet (word, excel, csv, cdx, fasta, pdf or zip files), presentation (powerpoint, pdf or zip files), image (cdx, eps, jpeg, pdf, png or tiff), table (word, excel, csv or pdf), audio (mp3, wav or wma) or video (avi, divx, flv, mov, mp4, mpeg, mpg or wmv). All information should be clearly presented. Supplementary materials should be cited in the main text in numeric order (e.g., Supplementary Figure 1, Supplementary Figure 2, Supplementary Table 1, Supplementary Table 2, etc.). The style of supplementary figures or tables complies with the same requirements on figures or tables in main text. Videos and audios should be prepared in English, and limited to a size of 500 MB.

4.2. Author Contributions

Each author is expected to have made substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data; or the creation of new software used in the work; or have drafted the work or substantively revised it; AND has approved the submitted version (and version substantially edited by journal staff that involves the author’s contribution to the study); AND agrees to be personally accountable for the author’s own contributions and for ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work, even ones in which the author was not personally involved, are appropriately investigated, resolved, and documented in the literature. 

For research articles with several authors, a short paragraph specifying their individual contributions must be provided. For example, Author 1 Full Name: conceptualization, methodology, software; Author 2 Full Name: data curation, writing—original draft preparation; Author 3 Full Name: visualization, investigation; Author 4 Full Name: supervision; Author 5 Full Name: software, validation; Author 6 Full Name: writing—reviewing and editing.

4.3. Funding

All sources of funding of the study should be disclosed. Clearly indicate grants that you have received in support of your research work and if you received funds to cover publication costs. Note that some funders will not refund article processing charges (APC) if the funder and grant number are not clearly and correctly identified in the paper.  

Please add: “This research received no external funding” or “This research was funded by [name of funder] grant number [xxx]” and “The APC was funded by [XXX]” in this section. Check carefully that the details given are accurate and use the standard spelling of funding agency names at https://search.crossref.org/funding, any errors may affect your future funding. 

4.4. Data Availability and Statistical Reporting

JADC aims to publish both experimental and observational research. Submission of study protocols is highly recommended, alongside the statistical codes underpinning the results (ideally available in web repositories, i.e., GitHub, OSF). Results should be reported alongside measures of uncertainty (confidence or credible intervals) and emphasis given on the effect size rather than “statistical significance.” Categorizing of continuous data is not recommended. Authors should clearly state how missing data and multiple testing have been handled and the statistical section should report the software used to perform the analysis, including non-routine packages/commands. Sensitivity analyses are encouraged to assess the robustness of the results. 

Authors may be asked to provide the raw data of their study together with the manuscript for editorial review and should be prepared to make the data publicly available if practicable. In any event, authors should ensure accessibility of such data to other competent professionals for at least 10 years after publication (preferably via an institutional or subject-based data repository or other data center), provided that the confidentiality of the participants can be protected and legal rights concerning proprietary data do not preclude their release. 

4.5. Acknowledgements (if any)

In this section you can acknowledge any support given which is not covered by the author contribution or funding sections. This may include administrative and technical support, or donations in kind (e.g., materials used for experiments). Authors should obtain permission to acknowledge from all those mentioned in the Acknowledgments section. 

4.6. Conflict of Interest Disclosure

Any interest or relationship, financial or otherwise that might be perceived as influencing an author's objectivity is considered a potential source of conflict of interest. These must be disclosed when directly relevant or directly related to the work that the authors describe in their manuscript. The existence of a conflict of interest does not preclude publication. If the authors have no conflict of interest to declare, they must also state this at submission. It is the responsibility of the corresponding author to review this policy with all authors and collectively to disclose all pertinent commercial and other relationships during submission. 

4.7. References

References must be numbered in order of appearance in the text (including table captions and figure legends) and listed individually at the end of the manuscript. We recommend preparing the references with a bibliography software package, such as EndNote, Reference Manager or Zotero to avoid typing mistakes and duplicated references. We encourage citations to data, computer code and other citable research material. If available online, you may use reference style 9. below. 

Citations and References in Supplementary files are permitted provided that they also appear in the main text and in the reference list. 

In the text, reference numbers should be placed in square brackets [ ], and placed before the punctuation; for example [1], [1–3] or [1,3]. For embedded citations in the text with pagination, use both parentheses and brackets to indicate the reference number and page numbers; for example [5] (p. 10). or [6] (pp. 101–105). 

The reference list should include the full title, as recommended by the ACS style guide. Style files for Endnote and Zotero are available. 

References should be described as follows, depending on the type of work: 

  • Journal Articles:
  • Author 1, A.B.; Author 2, C.D. Title of the article. Journal Name Year, Volume, page range. 
  • Books and Book Chapters:
  • Author 1, A.; Author 2, B.Book Title, 3rd ed.; Publisher: Publisher Location, Country, Year; pp. 154–196. 
  • Author 1, A.; Author 2, B. Title of the chapter. InBook Title, 2nd ed.; Editor 1, A., Editor 2, B., Eds.; Publisher: Publisher Location, Country, Year; Volume 3, pp. 154–196. 
  • Unpublished materials intended for publication:
  • Author 1, A.B.; Author 2, C. Title of Unpublished Work (optional). Correspondence Affiliation, City, State, Country. year,status(manuscript in preparation;to be submitted). 
  • Author 1, A.B.; Author 2, C. Title of Unpublished Work.Abbreviated Journal Nameyear,phrase indicating stage of publication(submitted;accepted;in press). 
  • Unpublished materials not intended for publication:
  • Author 1, A.B. (Affiliation, City, State, Country); Author 2, C. (Affiliation, City, State, Country). Phase describing the material, year. (phase: Personal communication; Private communication; Unpublished work; etc.) 
  • Conference Proceedings:
  • Author 1, A.B.; Author 2, C.D.; Author 3, E.F. Title of Presentation. InTitle of the Collected Work(if available), Proceedings of the Name of the Conference, Location of Conference, Country, Date of Conference; Editor 1, Editor 2, Eds. (if available); Publisher: City, Country, Year (if available); Abstract Number (optional), Pagination (optional). 
  • Thesis:
  • Author 1, A.B. Title of Thesis. Level of Thesis, Degree-Granting University, Location of University, Date of Completion. 
  • Websites:
  • Title of Site. Available online: URL (accessed on Day Month Year). 
  • Unlike published works, websites may change over time or disappear, so we encourage you create an archive of the cited website using a service such as WebCite. Archived websites should be cited using the link provided as follows: 
  • Title of Site. URL (archived on Day Month Year). 

5. Ethics Approval Statement

JADC fully adheres to the Code of Conduct and the Guidelines of Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). The Editors of this journal have an obligation to assist the scientific community in all aspects of publishing ethics, including plagiarism. As such, we endeavor to ensure the transparent and quality peer review process. More details, please refer to our Publishing Policy. Authors should conform to the publication ethics

6. Copyright and Permission to Reproduce Material

If your article makes use of any previously published material (including figures/diagrams, or short extracts, or content taken from websites) then you must first obtain the written permission of the copyright owner. The copyright owner is usually the publisher (for material taken from journal or proceedings articles), website owner/company (for material taken from websites) or the author or their employer (if the work is unpublished). Some publishers will also require that you JADCk the permission of the original author. You will need to check the terms of the publisher’s permission. 

We ask you to submit written evidence: 

  • That all necessary permissions have been obtained by providing the actual written permission granted by the copyright owner, or
  • That permission is not required, e.g., where the material is available under one of the Creative Commons licenses which allow commercial reuse and suits the purpose for which you want to reuse the content.

More details please check our Open Access Policy

7. Preprints and Conference Papers

JADC accepts submissions that have previously been made available as preprints provided that they have not undergone peer review. A preprint is a draft version of a paper made available online before submission to a journal. 

Expanded and high-quality conference papers can be considered as articles if they fulfill the following requirements: (1) the paper should be expanded to the size of a research article; (2) the conference paper should be cited and noted on the first page of the paper; (3) if the authors do not hold the copyright of the published conference paper, authors should JADCk the appropriate permission from the copyright holder; (4) authors are asked to disclose that it is conference paper in their cover letter and include a statement on what has been changed compared to the original conference paper. JADC does not publish pilot studies or studies with inadequate statistical power.